2. What are Cookies?
Cookie (also known as ” browser cookie ” or “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file of letters and numbers that will be stored on the computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user on which the Internet is accessed. The cookie is installed on a browser-based web-server request and is completely “passive” (it does not contain software, viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive).
3. What are Cookies used for?
These files allow to recognize the user’s terminal and present the content in a relevant way, adapted to the user’s preferences. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support our efforts to provide user-friendly services: ex: – online privacy preferences, shopping cart or relevant advertising. They are also used to prepare aggregated anonymous statistics that help us understand how a user interacts with our web pages, allowing us to improve their structure and content, excluding the user’s personal identification.
4. What Cookies do we use?
We use two types of cookies: temporary (limited per session) and persistent.
Temporary cookies are stored until the site or browser closes.
Persistent cookies are files that remain on the user’s terminal for an unlimited period of time until they are deleted manually by the user.
5. How are cookies used by this site?
transilvania-train.com places cookies for the following purposes:
Site performance, load-balancing cookies
Cookies for visitors’ analysis, registration, advertising, geo-targeting
Third-party cookies of various advertising providers or other types
6. What information do Cookies contain?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The webserver will recognize your browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. Cookies do not require or store personal information for use and, in most cases, do not personally identify Internet users. Personal data collected by using Cookies can only be collected to facilitate certain user functions. Such data is encrypted in a way that makes the access impossible for any unauthorized person.
7. Delete Cookies
8. Why are the Internet Cookies Important?
Cookies are the central focus of the efficient Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and customized to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some sites unusable.
Denying or disabling cookies does not mean you will not get online advertising – just because it will no longer be able to keep track of your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing.
Examples of important uses of cookies (not requiring authentication of a user for an account):
Content and services customized to user preferences – product categories and services.
Offers customized to users’ interests – remembering passwords.
Remember the child protection filters for Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
Limit ad frequency – limit the number of posts of an ad for a particular user on a site.
Providing more relevant advertising to the user.
Measurement, optimization and analysis features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed, and how a user reaches a website. Websites run these analyzes of their use to improve sites for the benefit of users.
9. Security and privacy issues
Cookies use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they cannot be executed or cannot auto-run. Consequently, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about user preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have privacy settings providing different levels of cookies acceptance, availability and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other security issues related to cookies:
Because identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every internet user, it is advisable to know what problems cookies can create. In order to transmit constant information in both ways between the browser and the website, if an attacker/ hacker or unauthorized person intervenes in the data transmission path, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted.
Although very rarely, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (e.g. an unsecured Wi-Fi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve bad cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers/ hackers can use this vulnerability to cheat browsers to send information through insecure channels. Attackers/ hackers then use information for unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
Tips for a safe and responsible cookie-based navigation.
Here are a few tips that can help you navigate worry-free with cookies:
Customize your cookie browser settings to provide a comfortable level of cookie security for you.
If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using your computer, you can set long periods of expiry to store your browsing history and personal data.
If you share access to your computer, you can consider the browser setting to delete individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access sites that place cookies and delete any business information when you close the browsing session.
Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
Many of the applications for detection and prevention of spyware include the detection of site attacks. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software.
Make sure your browser is always up-to-date.
Many of the cookies attacks are made by exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest websites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can browse the Internet with confidence.
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not receive / see online advertising anymore.
It is possible to set up the browser so that these cookies are no longer supported or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a particular site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser’s “options” or “preferences” menu.
To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the browser’s “help” option for more details.
Cookie settings in Internet Explorer
Cookie settings in Firefox
Cookie settings in Chrome
Cookie settings in Safari
For third-party cookie settings, you can also visit the site:
10. Useful links
If you want to know more about cookies and what they are used for, we recommend the following links:
Microsoft Cookies guide
All About Cookies